Grace Fan, Director Brazil/Latin America Research talks about the two main challenges facing Brazil. - Fiscal vulnerability is rising as the reform agenda has been derailed - Political chaos as President Temer has now become embroiled in Lava Jato corruption scandal.
Dario Perkins on:
• Markets are now more realistic on President Trump
• US tax agenda more important than fiscal
• Stimulus will come late in the business cycle
• No likely improvement in productivity and medium-term growth
• Border adjustment tax unlikely to happen
- Germany & EA both growing above-potential, inflation rising
- Less inordinate ECB stimulus to be announced this summer
- Rising euro vs. dollar later in 2017 to put pressure on Italy
- Germany to accept fiscal union, or Italexit a risk in 2018-19
- Ultra-cheap euro, huge trade surplus: a cause of Brexit-Trump
- World impatient with prolonged resolution of new euro-crisis
- German domestic imbalances could shrink over 10-15 years
- Baby boomers retire – saving down. Immigration raises capex
The euro area LI continues to put in an above consensus call. It is probably over predicting growth somewhat but its strength is fundamentally underpinned by the newly emerged German locomotive. While German demand often turns out to be derived from others, chiefly China, in this case it is genuine. In fact, this is highlighted by our below consensus Australia call. China’s stimulus has not fed through to a rebound in private demand, although easing PPI deflation is helping manufacturers.
We think that an ECB taper is increasingly likely in 2017. But the bank’s immediate problem is how to overcome a scarcity of bonds available for purchase in order to complete the current programme. The ECB needs to be able to credibly declare victory before it heads for the exit.
Events such as Brexit throw a spanner in the works of economic models and analysts are left with a wide range of plausible inputs. At the worst extreme, fear of Brexit becomes self-fulling and weighs on spending decisions, in turn crimping consumers’ style. Over-gloomy estimates prompt businesses to delay expansion plans. Firms make their capital spending projections based on these forecasts and they have not been in short supply. Undoubtedly, capex plans will be adversely affected by the uncertainty hanging over them. While a wide range of business sentiment indicato...
Emerging market growth has been on a downward trend for just over half a decade. The slowdown probably bottomed out at the end of last year. On an aggregate basis, the advance in EM annual real GDP accelerated to 3.9% in Q2 from 2.4% in Q3 2015. Is this the start of a sustained rebound in EM growth? Click above to watch the full video or below for our latest report on emerging markets.
Investor sentiment has started to perk up recently on the back of a series of strong data. On our preliminary estimate, Chinese GDP expanded 7.1% at an annualised rate in Q1. That is up from 5.5% in Q4 and is the fastest pace in almost two years. China’s economy has re-gained strength thanks to Beijing’s orchestrated policy stimulus. But how much longer can Beijing go on creating debt at a breakneck pace to generate growth? Click above to watch the full video.
Investor sentiment has started to perk up recently on the back of a series of strong data. With exports popping almost 20% year on year in March, heavily distorted by the Chinese New Year, a local journalist has asked if a U-shaped recovery in the economy was on the cards. Unfortunately, we are just at the beginning of yet another mini-cycle of the sort we have been through over the past couple of years. On our preliminary estimate, Chinese GDP expanded 7.1% at an annualised rate in Q1. That is up from 5.5% in Q4 and is the fastest pace in almost two years. What is the m...
The Bank of Japan left monetary policy unchanged today. The effect of negative interest rates on the currency in January was the opposite of that intended: the central bank’s aggressive adoption of negative deposit rates merely fuelled global angst at a critical juncture, driving repatriation flows into Japan and pushing up the currency. The ECB’s policy easing last week had a more beneficial effect on asset prices but has again left the currency unchanged, reinforcing the message for the BoJ. For Japan, where currency moves dominate the equity market, it’...
Shweta Singh, senior economist at Lombard Street Research, discusses the new budget that caters to the rural sector of the economy. Click below to watch the full video on CNBC.
Twelve months ago we said 2015 would be a year of ‘deceptive calm’. With the S&P 500 up 5% and US 10-year yields around 5bps higher, you could say our forecast was accurate. Markets spent much of the year in an anxious state, fretting about Greece, then China, then the risk of a synchronised global recession. In 2006 and 2007, LSR had a high conviction that a financial meltdown was about to wreak havoc on the global economy. This time around we stick with our 2015 theme ‘Keep Dancing’ but with no great conviction. Looking ahead to 2016, China...
Last week we published our LSR View explaining why US growth is likely to accelerate into 2016 and that, by inference, recent scares about the potential for a US recession are greatly overplayed. We think US real GDP growth is set to quicken to 2½ -3% from the 2% average of the past five years. This exceeds most current estimates of US growth potential and fully justifies the Federal Reserve’s expected rate increases. Rapidly growing household spending, on housing as well as consumption, plus an end to five years of fiscal drag will be the main engines of gr...
While markets are fixated on the prospects for emerging markets and whether China’s slowdown will drag down the world economy, a crisis has been brewing in Germany that, according to some commentators, could end Angela Merkel’s reign and reignite the euro crisis. This is probably an exaggeration. Still, it is true that the country’s huge influx of refugees –whom Ms Merkel welcome with open arms –is causing widespread public consternation and undermining the government’s authority. This is a pity because the chancellor’s approach to...
The drop in oil price since mid-2014 has been especially abrupt due to a huge positive supply shock that has magnified the impact of a decline in demand for commodities. US oil production has increased by almost five million barrels per day (mbd) over the last five years. Moreover, the re-admission of Iran to the global oil market will further increase near-term supply by around one million mbd. But with persistent oversupply, along with some uncertainty about remaining storage capacity, could oil prices remain at the $40p/b floor we outlined at the start of 2015? Click...
Abenomics is a response to frustration with Japan’s poor economic performance since its bubble burst in 1990. But Abenomics treats the symptoms, especially deflation, rather than the disease, which it makes worse. Disastrous consequences of Abenomics have only been avoided so far, because it has failed to generate inflation – courtesy of the oil price slump and Japan’s enfeebled domestic demand. But can QE ever be stopped and more importantly, is Japan about to face a financial crisis? Click below to find out our latest View on Japan.
The minutes from July’s RBA meeting confirmed a cautiously dovish monetary stance. Given the subdued inflationary pressures- reflecting sluggish growth and a weak labour market, the downward pressure on policy rate should persist, at least in the near term. At the same time, Governor Stevens is under pressure to protect the economy from a lack of fiscal drive. The end of Australia’s commodity supercycle has far-reaching fiscal implications: government finances are stuck in chronic deficit and foreign debt build up is accelerating. Click below to find out...
‘Britain deserves a pay rise and Britain is getting a pay rise’, George Osborne announced during his Budget speech on Wednesday. A key aspect of our outlook, which we discussed before the UK general election, was that wages would grow faster than assumed in March 2015 and so the cyclical improvement in the deficit was likely to be stronger. The OBR has now made this adjustment by upgrading its wage inflation forecast. With forecast changes augmenting tax-raising measures to the tune of around £4bn per year, the government chose to slow the pace...