June, 16 2017 by lsr team

Steve Blitz, Chief US Economist talks about how:
-  Inflation eludes Yellen yet again, nevertheless she continues to chase it
-  But core inflation down means Fed funds rate now normal – inflation is for 2018
-  2017 outlook has changed: balance sheet reduction in Sept, no rate hike until Dec

June, 02 2017 by lsr team

Ken Wattret, Chief European Economist, talks about our latest Europe Watch publication Economics: ECB meeting – what to expect 
- Upbeat on growth, cautious on core inflation; financial conditions a concern
-  Easing bias  should go but probably stays for now; exit discussion more likely Politics: Italian elections draw near; May’s wobbles 
-  A risky autumn election in Italy is looking more likely
-  PM May still in pole position but weakened by a poor campaign Markets: Dancing round the May pol...

April, 12 2017 by lsr team

Jonathan Fenby, Managing Director, European Political Research, and Ken Wattret, Managing Director, Global Macro, discuss and answer your questions on this issue including:
- The probable result and the market reaction to either a Le Pen or Macron victory
- The economic outlook in either outcome
- The reform agenda needed to improve growth and encourage investors
- The reform that each candidate would be able to deliver
- Why both Macron and Le Pen would both have difficulty leading the French government
- How investors should posit...

April, 07 2017 by lsr team

The Fed surprised markets and commentators, including us, as the FOMC minutes showed plans to shrink the balance sheet beginning in 2017. Steve Blitz says this is significant because:
•       Signalling shrinkage of its balance sheet shows Fed planning for three increases
•       Fed’s intention is also to present a smaller target to its critics

March, 17 2017 by lsr team

- Chair Yellen dampens market’s policy trajectory - she has to, we don’t
- February retail sales weakened by tax refund delays; underlying demand strong
- CPI details indicate a change - rising prices for discretionary goods

January, 23 2017 by lsr team

Questions: 1) Last October you noted that Sterling(£) was getting oversold and that the market was overly concerned with respect to the UK’s external balances. 2) Currently on a real effective exchange rate basis how cheap is Sterling(£)? 3) You also highlighted previously that within an overall negative view on sovereign bonds(ex EM high yielders), gilts might be particularly vulnerable? 4) So one of our key macro trades remains short gilts/long US Treasuries? 5) Last week before PM May’s speech you suggested that whatever its content...

January, 20 2017 by lsr team

- Germany & EA both growing above-potential, inflation rising
- Less inordinate ECB stimulus to be announced this summer
- Rising euro vs. dollar later in 2017 to put pressure on Italy
- Germany to accept fiscal union, or Italexit a risk in 2018-19
- Ultra-cheap euro, huge trade surplus: a cause of Brexit-Trump
- World impatient with prolonged resolution of new euro-crisis
- German domestic imbalances could shrink over 10-15 years
- Baby boomers retire – saving down. Immigration raises capex

December, 21 2016 by lsr team

- EMs to benefit from US and Chinese reflation in 2017
- But global macro ‘push’ factors set to recede thereafter
- Mature US recovery at risk from tighter monetary conditions
- Beijing’s debt-RMB dilemma pressing as the mini-cycle turns
- Global search for yield to persist, albeit tempered
- Lift-off growth phase elusive for North Asia’s exporters
- Clogged rate and FX channels leave fiscal stimulus option

October, 28 2016 by lsr team

The PBoC’s trade-weighted RMB basket has weakened by a little over 8% since its launch last December. The drop has been orderly, in line with Beijing’s intentions. However, the low-hanging fruit from RMB depreciation has already been picked. Despite successively weaker CNY fixings against the dollar, the RMB basket has failed to decline since late August and this month it has been creeping higher. What is causing this divergence? Is it sustainable, and what does it mean for Beijing’s policy choices?

October, 21 2016 by lsr team

  • Mario Draghi dismissed press reports that he is planning a QE taper
  • This is because the ECB must first extend QE and address scarcity problems
  • But tapering remains a strong possibility for 2017 H2

October, 14 2016 by lsr team

The euro area LI continues to put in an above consensus call. It is probably over predicting growth somewhat but its strength is fundamentally underpinned by the newly emerged German locomotive. While German demand often turns out to be derived from others, chiefly China, in this case it is genuine. In fact, this is highlighted by our below consensus Australia call. China’s stimulus has not fed through to a rebound in private demand, although easing PPI deflation is helping manufacturers.

October, 07 2016 by lsr team

We think that an ECB taper is increasingly likely in 2017. But the bank’s immediate problem is how to overcome a scarcity of bonds available for purchase in order to complete the current programme. The ECB needs to be able to credibly declare victory before it heads for the exit.

September, 30 2016 by lsr team

Events such as Brexit throw a spanner in the works of economic models and analysts are left with a wide range of plausible inputs. At the worst extreme, fear of Brexit becomes self-fulling and weighs on spending decisions, in turn crimping consumers’ style. Over-gloomy estimates prompt businesses to delay expansion plans. Firms make their capital spending projections based on these forecasts and they have not been in short supply. Undoubtedly, capex plans will be adversely affected by the uncertainty hanging over them. While a wide range of business sentiment indicato...

September, 23 2016 by lsr team

The RBA’s shift to a neutral bias at its meeting in September, following 50bps of rate cuts in 2016, did not come as a surprise. Perhaps more interesting was the discussion of the most recent collateral damage in the global monetary policy race to the bottom. Officials took note of the distortive impact of the BoJ’s policies on Australia’s repo market, manifested in rising repo rate spreads relative to the RBA’s cash rate. In turn, persistently high repo rates put upward pressure on Australian banks’ funding cost base, further strengthening the...

September, 16 2016 by lsr team

Emerging market growth has been on a downward trend for just over half a decade. The slowdown probably bottomed out at the end of last year. On an aggregate basis, the advance in EM annual real GDP accelerated to 3.9% in Q2 from 2.4% in Q3 2015. Is this the start of a sustained rebound in EM growth? Click above to watch the full video or below for our latest report on emerging markets.

September, 02 2016 by lsr team

It’s our concern that inflation in the US will eventually outpace market expectations in 2017, as sturdy demand plays out against a weakened supply side and wages and inflation spur each other along. However, for now, real wage growth may even moderate in the US, as wage negotiations typically reflect inflation 6 quarters previously. In this video, we outline what is holding down the long end of the curve in the US and highlight a tactical trade from our strategists before these deeper themes play out. Is it Draghi that holds the key?

August, 05 2016 by lsr team

In our UK Outlook published shortly after the UK’s Brexit referendum, we outlined our expectation for the August MPC meeting of a 25bp interest rate cut and a new QE programme of around £100bn. At the time, the market was expecting a rate cut but the resumption of QE was a firm off-consensus call. When it came to it, the Bank of England delivered the quarter-point rate cut and, as yesterday’s re-pricing of sterling and the gilts curve demonstrated, surprised the market with a new £70bn QE package. To find out more, click above to watch the video o...

July, 07 2016 by lsr team

Last quarter we warned that, although growth was likely to remain positive during our 2-year forecast horizon, the end of the cycle was now in sight. Since then the Brexit vote has dragged forward the debilitating effect of final demand uncertainty on investment that we would normally associate with the very late cycle. As a result we expect a technical recession during H2 2016. To find out more about Brexit’s impact on the UK economy, click above the watch the video or below for our latest UK Outlook report.  

June, 17 2016 by lsr team

The latest US employment report was a bit of a shocker, with May’s dismal 38k job gain apparently killing any chance of a Fed rate increase in either June or July. Despite weaker than expected US jobs data and the downward revision of the Fed’s dot plot, we still expect two rate hikes from the Federal Reserve later this year. Click above to watch the video or below for our recent LSR View report.

June, 09 2016 by lsr team

The RBA kept the cash rate at 1.75% following last month’s 25 basis point cut, signalling a wait-and-see stance is appropriate as the economy reaches an inflexion point. Real GDP jumped 1.1% q/q in Q1, taking the annual rate of growth above 3%. However, this positive GDP surprise failed to impress investors. Gains in yields, equities and the AUD on the news proved short-lived, confirming the market’s recognition that the glass looks half-empty for Australia’s economy.. Click above to watch the full video.

June, 08 2016 by lsr team

The housing market has long played a central role in discussions about secular stagnation in the US. This is hardly surprising given it was the collapse in American house prices that brought so much destruction in 2008. Credit was tight, job/income prospects were poor, would–be homebuyers had reassessed potential long-term capital gains and there was a substantial overhang of unsold homes/foreclosures. An intense and long-lasting squeeze on housing investment explained why the economy had failed to bounce back as quickly as in previous recessions.   Since...

May, 26 2016 by lsr team

The surprise rise in the yen and the less surprising rise in the euro this year have removed Ms. Yellen’s international concerns about why she should not be hiking interest rates. Specifically, a dollar spike now seems least of our concerns… Our Chief Economist, Charles Dumas talks us through the domestic conditions in the US and Euro area and the risks of rising bond yields by next year. These issues will be further discussed in our upcoming LSR View, stay tuned!  

April, 29 2016 by lsr team

Investor sentiment has started to perk up recently on the back of a series of strong data. On our preliminary estimate, Chinese GDP expanded 7.1% at an annualised rate in Q1. That is up from 5.5% in Q4 and is the fastest pace in almost two years. China’s economy has re-gained strength thanks to Beijing’s orchestrated policy stimulus. But how much longer can Beijing go on creating debt at a breakneck pace to generate growth? Click above to watch the full video.

April, 21 2016 by lsr team

Charles Dumas, director of Lombard Street Research, discusses the EU referendum’s impact on the UK unemployment numbers, and Bank of Japan Governor Haruhiko Kuroda’s latest comments on monetary easing. He says the Bank of Japan has no control over the currency market and that people have an exaggerated understanding of the power of central banks. Click here to download and listen to the Bloomberg podcast or below to read his la...

April, 20 2016 by lsr team

Freya Beamish, senior economist at Lombard Street Research talks about the risks on the horizon for Japan on FundForum Asia. Click above to watch the full video.  

April, 15 2016 by lsr team

Welcome to our LSR Weekly View. In this video, our senior economist, Freya Beamish discusses Japan's monetary policy following the recent yen strength .These key issues are also covered in our latest LSR View. Click above to watch the full video or below to read the full report.  

April, 15 2016 by lsr team

Investor sentiment has started to perk up recently on the back of a series of strong data. With exports popping almost 20% year on year in March, heavily distorted by the Chinese New Year, a local journalist has asked if a U-shaped recovery in the economy was on the cards. Unfortunately, we are just at the beginning of yet another mini-cycle of the sort we have been through over the past couple of years. On our preliminary estimate, Chinese GDP expanded 7.1% at an annualised rate in Q1. That is up from 5.5% in Q4 and is the fastest pace in almost two years. What is the m...

April, 13 2016 by lsr team

Back in January, economists were gloomily warning about currency wars. The Bank of Japan had just announced negative interest rates and seemed to be threatening even lower – possibly much lower – rates to come. The ECB was set to respond at its meeting in March. And, of course, everyone was concerned about the prospect of a major Chinese devaluation. A few months after much of this talk has disappeared. There seems to be a ceasefire in the global currency ‘war’ and many economists attribute this to February’s G20 meeting in Shanghai. Even...

March, 15 2016 by lsr team

The Bank of Japan left monetary policy unchanged today. The effect of negative interest rates on the currency in January was the opposite of that intended: the central bank’s aggressive adoption of negative deposit rates merely fuelled global angst at a critical juncture, driving repatriation flows into Japan and pushing up the currency. The ECB’s policy easing last week had a more beneficial effect on asset prices but has again left the currency unchanged, reinforcing the message for the BoJ. For Japan, where currency moves dominate the equity market, it’...

March, 04 2016 by lsr team

March is a busy month for central bank watchers. The fun starts next Thursday in Frankfurt with the ECB policy decision, before moving to the BoJ (15th), the Fed (16th) and the BoE (17th). With investors concerned about the state of the global economy and wondering whether monetary policy is reaching its limits, markets are looking for a central bank response. But outside the euro area, we don’t expect a great deal of action. Market rate expectations for the Fed and the BoE have already dropped sharply (down 75-90bps since December) and some comforting words should be...

February, 17 2016 by lsr team

Beijing has pledged to embark on the necessary reforms to lower debt levels in the economy. Yet the latest money and credit numbers show that Chinese banks expanded their loan books at a record pace at the start of 2016. In January, Chinese banks extended a whopping RMB2.5 trillion in new loans, or 4% of GDP. On a seasonally adjusted basis, RMB 1.6 trillion new loans were extended. Given that local government bond issuance has come to a halt ahead of a new debt swap programme, local government financing companies might have taken out bridge loans from banks to refinance...

February, 10 2016 by lsr team

It was almost exactly a year ago that various bond yields in Europe turned negative, unleashing a wave of questions from our readers. Clients wanted to know what this strange phenomenon meant and how long it would last. Twelve months on, far from proving to be a temporary aberration, central banks in Europe have taken their policy rates deeper into negative territory. Now the Bank of Japan has joined in and helped push the 10-year government bond yield to almost zero today. With risks to the global economy intensifying, there is even speculation that US and UK rates coul...

February, 09 2016 by lsr team

Ironically, financial market turbulence has hit just as the world economy’s chances of rebalancing successfully had increased. We published our year ahead piece in early December with the title “Don’t panic!”, but investors returned to work after the holidays worried about China’s slowdown, collapsing oil prices, global debt unwinding and the dearth of policy options left open to leading central banks. Widespread anxiety pulled the rug from under asset prices. As is our tradition, we asked our clients in mid- January for their top questions...

February, 02 2016 by lsr team

The BoJ followed through on recent threats to loosen policy by cutting its interest rate on new reserves to -0.1% last Friday. A comparison to Europe pushing into negative territory is misguided at best. Japan has a government deficit of 6% of GDP to finance and a huge pile of public debt to service so it needs to keep its investor audience captive. The increase in reserves each year is huge because of the BoJ’s asset purchase programme. If a central bank buys 80trn yen of JGBs then by definition, this eventually creates 80trn yen of reserves. Reserves at the BoJ incr...

January, 08 2016 by lsr team

While it is always dangerous to extrapolate from the recent past, the consensus expects 2016 to look remarkably like 2015. The issues that have dominated market commentary over the past 12 months – EM weakness, global deflation and central bank divergence – remain the sellside’s favourite 2016 themes. There is also a surprising amount of agreement about what will happen. Growth will move sideways, inflation will remain too low and the divergence trade has further to run. T...

January, 04 2016 by lsr team

Happy New Year! Having sifted through various sell-side reports, we conclude that our emerging market view is more on the bearish side. While we have a constructive stance on some EMs, India and Mexico in particular, our general tone is still one of caution. For more details, please request a copy of our year-ahead piece -2016: Don’t panic, yet! In today’s note, we address three key questions: 1) Why are we more bearish than consensus on EMs? 2) What would make us more optimistic? 3) What would make us more negative? Click below to find out more.

December, 09 2015 by lsr team

Twelve months ago we said 2015 would be a year of ‘deceptive calm’. With the S&P 500 up 5% and US 10-year yields around 5bps higher, you could say our forecast was accurate. Markets spent much of the year in an anxious state, fretting about Greece, then China, then the risk of a synchronised global recession. In 2006 and 2007, LSR had a high conviction that a financial meltdown was about to wreak havoc on the global economy. This time around we stick with our 2015 theme ‘Keep Dancing’ but with no great conviction. Looking ahead to 2016, China...

November, 25 2015 by lsr team

Last week we published our LSR View explaining why US growth is likely to accelerate into 2016 and that, by inference, recent scares about the potential for a US recession are greatly overplayed. We think US real GDP growth is set to quicken to 2½ -3% from the 2% average of the past five years. This exceeds most current estimates of US growth potential and fully justifies the Federal Reserve’s expected rate increases. Rapidly growing household spending, on housing as well as consumption, plus an end to five years of fiscal drag will be the main engines of gr...

November, 24 2015 by lsr team

Beginning in the early 1970s, Japan embarked on a long quest to reform its financial sector. Liberalisation in one area brought unintended consequences in others. Excessive leverage and regulations that failed to keep up with changes inevitably led to a crisis. Today, China has come to a point where financial reform is critical. While China does not have Japan’s luxury to pursue financial reform gradually, Japan’s experience however could shed some light. We visit Japan’s story and look at its implications and what China could do to avoid Japan’s...

November, 16 2015 by lsr team

Back in 2008 when central bankers were battling the global financial crisis, they knew they needed extraordinary measures to calm markets and guard against a collapsing world economy. But no one expected that seven years later interest rates would still be at emergency levels and that quantitative easing had not only been on a greater scale than first envisaged but had not even started to be unwound. Clearly, in the words of Lord Mervyn King, governor of the Bank of England (2003-2013), “the conventional approach to thinking about monetary policy doesn’t seem to...

November, 09 2015 by lsr team

The Bank of England’s Mark Carney, who has been a accused of flip flopping over the past few years, turned dovish again on ‘Super Thursday’ as he unveiled new macroeconomic projections that served to push back market rate expectations. Given the downside risks to global growth and with the ECB on the verge of expanding its stimulus, the MPC clearly felt that a little dovishness couldn’t do any harm. As a result, most investors don’t expect interest rate ‘liftoff’ until late 2016, with increasing speculation the first rate hike might...

October, 29 2015 by lsr team

Japan’s central bankers are locked in the same vicious cycle as the rest of the world. The US in isolation could easily have raised rates by now, but the rest of the world is not ready and is now big enough to give the Fed cause to pause. However, unwilling to relinquish their grip on America’s coat tails, central banks outside the US have responded to Fed hesitation by lowering the bar, pushing interest rates below zero and devaluing currencies. The result is a race to the bottom. Japan’s QE is already huge and expanding the programme would hasten the...

October, 27 2015 by lsr team

China’s economy has entered a critical period in its post-crisis adjustment, posing serious risks for the rest of the world. Our final GDP estimate shows Chinese growth at just 0.4% QoQ in Q3, the weakest since the Global Financial Crisis. Its sharp growth slowdown, feeding through into a deterioration in the labour market, will be a stern test of Beijing’s resolve to reform in coming quarters.  So far policymakers have stayed firm. The central bank cut interest rates and banks’ required reserve ratio (RRR) last Friday in a bid to support grow...

October, 20 2015 by lsr team

Concerns over a slowing China and its knock-on effects on other emerging markets (EMs) have triggered stock market turmoil in advanced economies over the past two months. Investors have started to question whether developed economies, including the UK, can shrug off EM weakness. Meanwhile, expectations of the first Bank of England interest rate hike have now been pushed back to December 2016. What are the impacts of a slowing China on the UK? Will the slowdown in EM growth led by China hinder UK’s domestic-led recovery?  Click below to find out.  

October, 15 2015 by lsr team

The FOMC decision to keep interest rates on hold in September left a number of economists confused and angry. Some argued the committee was ignoring its mandate and pandering to external considerations. With GDP growing at a healthy pace for a seventh consecutive year and the labour market approaching full employment, a broad reading of US data made it hard to justify emergency levels of interest rates. Some investors, particularly those based in the US, were worried that the Fed was trying to become the world’s central bank, rather than staying within its own ju...

October, 09 2015 by lsr team

Abenomics is a response to frustration with Japan’s poor economic performance since its bubble burst in 1990. But Abenomics treats the symptoms, especially deflation, rather than the disease, which it makes worse. Disastrous consequences of Abenomics have only been avoided so far, because it has failed to generate inflation – courtesy of the oil price slump and Japan’s enfeebled domestic demand. But can QE ever be stopped and more importantly, is Japan about to face a financial crisis? Click below to find out our latest View on Japan.

September, 28 2015 by lsr team

Seven years after the global financial crisis, the world still lacks genuine consumer demand, growth remains subdued and major central banks’ policy is in “emergency” mode. Is the world economy on the cusp of another crisis, facing prolonged secular stagnation, or about to experience a falling-price boom? Two of the main market drivers in the next five years will be China’s financial liberalization and integration into global markets, and the search for a new monetary policy orthodoxy. We are fortunate to have four exceptional speakers to explore the...

September, 18 2015 by lsr team

After weeks of speculation, the FOMC decided to keep interest rates on hold, once again postponing policy lift-off. Given recent events, the decision shouldn’t have been a surprise to most investors. Fed officials were clearly worried about unsettling already nervous markets and wanted more time to assess the impact of what some commentators are calling a global economic downturn. While the outcome of yesterday’s decision was perhaps never in question, the committee’s debate was surely still intense. Despite uncertainty about the short-term rate outlook...

September, 17 2015 by lsr team

It is fair to say that a rate increase today from the Federal Reserve would come as a shock to global investors. While FOMC members in recent weeks certainly haven’t ruled out a move, suggesting that today is a ‘live’ meeting, markets are assigning a low probability to a hike. Fed funds futures put the chances at less than 30% and, as Larry Summers points out, the Fed has never tightened policy without guiding markets to at least a 70% probability. For this reason, Summers argues that a rate rise today would be the biggest hawkish surprise since 1994, w...

September, 16 2015 by lsr team

When oil prices crashed last winter, the world’s major central banks were planning to ‘look through’ this development. They argued the impact would be temporary, with inflation quick to rebound. This view has been broadly correct- inflation in developed economies is close to a trough and should rise by early 2016 thanks to favourable base effects. That said, the global economy is clearly more deflationary than policymakers anticipated at the start of the year. Meanwhile, China’s slump has caused a broader EM downturn, which is weighing heavily on...

September, 08 2015 by lsr team

China’s economic transformation is a game-changer for the world economy. Recent market jitters have shown that investors have now begun to acknowledge the sharp growth slowdown we forecast. Yet confusion and uncertainty abound as most regard China’s economy and politics a black box. China’s equity market crash, the authorities’ panic intervention and the growth slowdown have undermined confidence in China’s economy and policymaking. But it seems investors’ own fear is now preventing them from seeing the big picture and important change...

September, 04 2015 by lsr team

Recent falls in equity markets have reignited the debate about the appropriateness of monetary tightening in the US and elsewhere. Those economists committed to a ‘secular stagnation’ view of the global economy perceive recent market falls as a vindication; how could the Fed, or indeed the Bank of England, be considering raising rates from emergency levels when there is still clearly an emergency? Yesterday was the turn of Mario Draghi and the ECB to make their contribution to this debate. While recent euro strength will be a concern, the ECB’s QE progr...

September, 01 2015 by lsr team

The yuan’s relatively small depreciation cannot explain its huge impact on investors’ attitudes. Rather, it served as a reminder of the persistent, powerful global deflationary trend. In the UK context, sterling strength has amplified global deflationary pressure on UK economy. Our analysis suggests that currency strength alone will have been sufficient to push annual CPI inflation around 0.5% lower today than it otherwise would have been. Along with large falls in energy prices, global deflation has done more than enough to contain any pick-up in inflation t...

August, 24 2015 by lsr team

The recent devaluation of the yuan appears to have been the main reason why expectations of a Fed rate rise been pushed back. As recently as mid-June a hike of 25bp by the end of 2015 was fully priced in, but that has now been pushed back to Q1 2016. Given the increasing FX uncertainty and global deflation, we think there is a significant risk that investors could perceive an earlier-than-expected rise in Fed rates as a policy mistake. There is already some evidence of this concern, with long-term breakeven inflation rates falling to post-crisis lows as two-year yields h...

August, 21 2015 by lsr team

A 3% depreciation in the yuan (CNY) is, per se, hardly a game changer for global markets. But the move could have broader implications, certainly in the near term – not least as Japan and the euro area are firmly in easing mode. Sustained CNY depreciation will send disinflationary impulses to the rest of the world, complicating EM policymakers’ task and magnifying risks around domestic EM leverage.  To find out more about how a weaker yuan amplifies the EM ‘slow burn’ challenges we have identified in the past, click below.  

August, 11 2015 by lsr team

The People’s Bank of China fixed the yuan rate at the top of yesterday’s trading range, pushing the currency down by 1.9% against the dollar. In their statement today, the authorities said the change would help drive the currency towards more market-driven movements. As we have previously argued, growth has weakened sharply under the burden of the overvalued yuan and capacity excesses while monetary conditions remain tight. Although the economy desperately needs a weaker currency, joining the other saver economies -Japan and the euro area- in the global currency...

August, 10 2015 by lsr team

China’s overall monetary conditions have been kept tight for some time now with broad money growth - the best indicator of overall monetary conditions in an economy, slowing to its lowest rate on record in recent months. Despite the introduction of new monetary policy tools – SLO, SLF, MLF, PSL, etc by the People’s Bank of China over the past few years, liquidity injection through these facilities has not been large. Meanwhile, real lending rates are high and capital is flowing out of the country. While many have argued that China is witnessing capital...

August, 04 2015 by lsr team

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) kept the policy repo rate unchanged in its monetary policy meeting today while leaving the door open for more rate cuts. Our report answers two critical questions: to what extent the RBI can afford to loosen policy and more importantly, whether it would work. Interbank liquidity conditions are improving in India. In fact, liquidity conditions are looser than at any time since 2009. This is in line with our expectations and is one of the reasons why we think economic recovery will gain traction. But will fears about excess liquidity cause t...

August, 03 2015 by lsr team

The productivity puzzle is a central topic for investors, especially those investing in the US and UK. Productivity, which measures how much output an economy produces per unit of labour input, is a crucial determinant of living standards. Faster productivity implies that an economy can expand faster without causing inflation to rise. The fact that productivity has slowed sharply since the global financial crisis in 2008 is a big deal and economists and policy makers have spent considerable effort trying to explain it. What caused the productivity crash and how does slow...

July, 30 2015 by lsr team

Recent comments by various MPC members and last week’s MPC minutes make next week’s Quarterly Inflation Report an interesting event to watch. Since the recovery began in mid-2013, policy discussions have centred on the debate between the economy’s cyclical strength and structural weakness in the labour market. Labour market conditions, however, have improved over the past year with a sharp rise in employment and wage inflation picking up. The UK’s domestic recovery is becoming increasingly solid, but is still vulnerable to external weakness, mostl...

July, 28 2015 by lsr team

The Fed continues to prepare the market for imminent rate hikes. Yet, while most economists anticipate a move in September, it seems many investors remain sceptical. Perhaps this is a classic case of the boy who cried wolf – the central bank has been threatening to raise interest rates for so long that many investors think it is bluffing. We think that the timing of lift-off really isn’t as important as the pace and extent of policy tightening thereafter. This will depend on two crucial things: 1) what happens to the neutral interest rate over the new few wee...

July, 27 2015 by lsr team

The minutes from July’s RBA meeting confirmed a cautiously dovish monetary stance. Given the subdued inflationary pressures- reflecting sluggish growth and a weak labour market, the downward pressure on policy rate should persist, at least in the near term. At the same time, Governor Stevens is under pressure to protect the economy from a lack of fiscal drive. The end of Australia’s commodity supercycle has far-reaching fiscal implications: government finances are stuck in chronic deficit and foreign debt build up is accelerating. Click below to find out...

July, 24 2015 by lsr team

In his latest round-the-world trip over the past couple of weeks, our Chairman, Charles Dumas visited Beijing, Shanghai, Los Angeles, Portland, Seattle and San Francisco. A frequently recurring question was how the current US recovery might be blighted by huge Chinese adjustments, just when it appears to be getting properly established. He remains bullish on US stocks for the next year or so but is warning that we expect Chinese problems and USD strength to hamper stocks in the medium-term.    Click below to find out more about Charles’ latest views on th...

June, 12 2015 by lsr team

The strong May data showing 17.9 million annual rate of car sales and 0.7% bounce in retail sales. In other words, US consumers are using their gasoline windfalls to buy new cars and using them to drive to the mall. Since before the Q1 soft-patch we have highlighted the likelihood of a consumer-led acceleration in growth during the second half of 2015 - this now seems to be underway. By the time school starts again in September there should be enough confirmation of this acceleration to push the Fed over the line to its first rate hike. In the meantime,...

June, 08 2015 by lsr team

Turkey’s AK party has failed to secure a parliamentary majority, showing its worst results in 13 years in Sunday’s election.  Our economist explains the turbulence ahead and why this is a wake-up call for Turkey’s authorities. Click ‘Request Publication’ if you’re interested in our detailed report.